About Rochester

About the Town of Rochester
Located in the center of the famous mid-Hudson valley, the Town of Rochester is an oasis away from the hustle and bustle of New York City, providing peace and quiet with clean fresh air, pristine streams and far reaching vistas.
Essentially shaped like a rectangle, the town of more than 56,000 acres lies adjacent to the north-east flowing Rondout Creek in Ulster County in the foothills of the Catskill Mountains. To the west the Town affords easy access to over 700,000 acres of the State Catskill Park. To the east lie the Shawangunk Mountains and more than 17,000 acres of protected lands in the Mohonk Preserve and Minnewaska State Park.

Town Beginnings
Rochester is rich in history. Formed from a number of hamlets, many of which had their own one-room schoolhouses, the Town boasts the largest number of continuously inhabited old stone houses in New York, some dating back to the 17th century. Accord (the site of the Rochester Town Hall and other town offices) and Kerhonkson are the Town’s two largest hamlets.
In the original Rochester Patent (named in honor of the Earl of Rochester) which was dated 1703, Queen Anne of England granted to Town Trustees the right to convey to settlers ownership of lands in the Town of Rochester, an area which included the present towns of Rochester, Wawarsing and Gardiner, and portions of Sullivan and Delaware counties.
In 1703, the year of its incorporation, the Rochester’s population was recorded as 334.  Minutes of Town Trustees meetings dating from that year grant numerous requests for land, and mention already established sawmills and corn mills, and existing property boundaries. By 1710, additional elected and appointed officials included a Supervisor, Town Clerk, a Constable and Collector, and Assessors. Later additions to the Town Board were a Surveyor of Highways, Common Pounder, Overseer of the Poor, Fence Viewers, Horse Gelders, and Firemen.
Several school districts, with one-room schoolhouses and elected trustees, had been organized by the 1790s, including Newtown (later Whitfield), Mombaccus, Kyserike, and Pleasant Ridge (later Rock Hill).  The total number of districts eventually reached seventeen, a few of which operated into the 1950s.

It goes without saying that the basic activity of nearly every family the Town of Rochester during the 18th and 19th centuries was farming.  However, many farmers had additional occupations, including production of wintergreen oil, quarrying of millstone and bluestone, milling of corn, wheat and lumbers (and, later, paper), blacksmithing, coopering, shoemaking, wagon-making and store-keeping.  
Economic boom times for Alligerville and Port Jackson (Accord) came during the era of the Delaware and Hudson Canal which was constructed alongside the Rondout Creek and operated between Kingston and Honesdale, Pennsylvania from 1828 until 1902.  Port Jackson was the location of stores, hotels and a lumberyard.  In addition to more hotels and merchant establishments, Alligerville had a brickyard, carriage manufacturers, boat yards and a millstone dock.
The entire Town of Rochester enjoyed a period of prosperity from 1902 into the 1940s when the Ontario & Western Railway (with stations in Accord and Kyserike) provided transportation-to-market for products of the local farms, mills and quarries.  Additionally, the trains brought in summer visitors from urban centers, chiefly New York City, who were in search of fresh air and healthful food for their families.  
For the better part of the 20th century, the summer resort industry played an important role in the economic life of the Town.  Accommodations for paying guests were provided first in private homes, and later in a total of over 50 bungalow colonies, camps, boarding houses and hotels.  (“Friends of Historic Rochester, 2004 Tour of Stone Houses”)

Census 2000 Results
The 2000 Census reported a 23% growth in the town’s population since the last Census was taken in
1990.  As of the Census date, there were 7,018 residents.  Here is the breakdown:
Up to 14 years
15 to 19 years
20 to 34 years
35 to 44 years
45 to 54 years
55 to 64 years
Over 65 
The median age was 37.8 years; 93.4% of respondents indicated their race as White, 2.5% indicated Black or African American and 0.5% (each) indicated American Indian and Asian, 2.2% indicated more than one race, with the balance consisting of other designations.
In Rochester, there were 2,688 households as follows:
Family Households
Non-family Households
Of these, 994 households had children under 18 and 592 included individuals over 65. The average household size was 2.58 people and the average family size was 3.10 people.  
There were 3,750 housing units, including 1,062 vacant units (mostly seasonal).  Of the 2,688 occupied units, 2,053 were owner-occupied and 635 were renter-occupied.